Dua of Ashura 10th Muharram A Prayer of Mercy and Reflection

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Significance Dua of Ashura in Islamic history

Ashura holds significant historical and religious importance in Islamic tradition as well as Dua of Ashura . It marks the 10th day of Muharram, the first month of the Islamic lunar calendar. The most notable event associated with Ashura is the martyrdom of Imam Hussain ibn Ali, the grandson of Prophet Muhammad, in the Battle of Karbala in 680 AD (61 AH).

Imam Hussain, along with his family and companions, stood against the oppressive rule of Yazid, the Umayyad caliph at the time, in defense of justice and righteousness. Despite being vastly outnumbered, Imam Hussain and his supporters were martyred after enduring immense hardship including deprivation of water and food. Ashura serves as a reminder of the principles of sacrifice, courage, and standing against injustice within Islam. It is observed with mourning, fasting, and reflection by many Muslims worldwide, particularly by the Shia community, who hold Imam Hussain in high esteem for his steadfastness and principles. The day also underscores the broader themes of social justice, human rights, and resistance against tyranny in Islamic teachings.

Supplication, known as dua in Islamic tradition, holds profound importance as a means of communication between believers and Allah (God). It is considered a direct and personal form of worship where individuals can express their needs, desires, gratitude, and repentance to Allah. The significance of dua in Islamic practice is multifaceted:

Importance of supplication (Dua)

  1. Connection with Allah: Dua allows Muslims to establish a personal and intimate connection with Allah. It reflects the belief that Allah is compassionate and responsive to the prayers of His servants.
  2. Submission and Dependence: By making dua, Muslims acknowledge their dependence on Allah for guidance, assistance, and support in all aspects of life. It reinforces the principle of tawhid (monotheism) by affirming Allah’s sovereignty.
  3. Spiritual Upliftment: Dua is a means of seeking spiritual upliftment and inner peace. It provides comfort during times of difficulty, distress, or uncertainty, serving as a source of solace and hope.
  4. Act of Worship: Dua is regarded as an act of worship (ibadah) in Islam, fulfilling the prophetic tradition of seeking Allah’s blessings and mercy through supplication.
  5. Reflection of Faith: Engaging in dua reflects the believer’s faith and trust in Allah’s wisdom and benevolence. It is an expression of gratitude for blessings received and a request for guidance in times of need.
  6. Community and Unity: Dua is not limited to individual supplication but is also practiced collectively in congregational prayers (salat) and communal gatherings. It fosters a sense of unity and solidarity among Muslims, reinforcing the importance of mutual support and empathy.

Overview of the events of Karbala and the martyrdom of Imam Hussain (AS)

The events of Karbala and the martyrdom of Imam Hussain (AS) are profoundly significant in Islamic history, particularly within Shia Islam. They occurred in 680 AD (61 AH) during the leadership of the Umayyad caliph Yazid I. Here’s an overview of what transpired:

  1. Background: After the death of Caliph Muawiya I, Yazid I succeeded him, demanding allegiance from Muslims across the Islamic world, including Imam Hussain, the grandson of Prophet Muhammad and son of Imam Ali (AS). Imam Hussain refused to pledge allegiance due to concerns over Yazid’s tyrannical rule and deviations from Islamic principles.
  2. Journey to Karbala: Imam Hussain, accompanied by his family and a small group of supporters, embarked on a journey from Medina to Kufa (in present-day Iraq), responding to calls for help from the people of Kufa who sought to oppose Yazid’s rule. However, en route to Kufa, Imam Hussain’s caravan was intercepted by Yazid’s army near Karbala.
  3. Siege and Deprivation: For several days, Imam Hussain and his followers were besieged at Karbala, deprived of access to water in the scorching desert. Despite facing overwhelming odds, Imam Hussain and his companions remained steadfast in their commitment to upholding justice and resisting oppression.
  4. Day of Ashura: On the 10th day of Muharram, known as Ashura, Imam Hussain and his companions, numbering around 72 individuals, including men, women, and children, faced Yazid’s forces in a tragic battle. Despite their bravery and valiant efforts, Imam Hussain’s supporters were brutally killed, including Imam Hussain himself.
  5. Martyrdom: Imam Hussain was martyred on the battlefield of Karbala, enduring multiple wounds and ultimately being killed while defending the principles of Islam and justice. His martyrdom symbolizes sacrifice, resilience against tyranny, and the eternal struggle for truth in the face of adversity.
  6. Legacy and Commemoration: The events of Karbala have profoundly shaped Islamic history, particularly within Shia Islam, where Imam Hussain’s martyrdom is commemorated annually with mourning rituals during the month of Muharram, culminating on the day of Ashura. These rituals serve to uphold the values of justice, compassion, and resistance against oppression, inspiring generations of Muslims to stand up for righteousness.

The 9th and 10th days of Muharram hold special significance in Islamic tradition, particularly due to the events of Karbala and the martyrdom of Imam Hussain (AS). Here’s why these days are important:

Importance of the 9th and 10th of Muharram

  1. Day of 9th Muharram (Tasua): This day marks the penultimate day before the martyrdom of Imam Hussain. It is a day of preparation and reflection for the tragic events that unfolded on the following day, Ashura.
  2. Day of 10th Muharram (Ashura): Ashura is one of the most significant days in Islamic history. It is the day on which Imam Hussain and his companions were martyred in the Battle of Karbala in 680 AD (61 AH). The events of Ashura highlight the principles of sacrifice, courage, and steadfastness in the face of injustice and oppression.
  3. Commemoration and Mourning: Muslims, particularly Shia Muslims, commemorate the 9th and 10th of Muharram with solemn mourning rituals known as Azadari. These rituals include mourning processions (Juloos), recitations of elegies (Marsiya and Noha), and passion plays (Ta’zieh) that reenact the events of Karbala. These observances serve to keep alive the memory of Imam Hussain’s sacrifice and the values he stood for.
  4. Spiritual Reflection: The days of Muharram, especially the 9th and 10th, are times for Muslims to engage in deep spiritual reflection, repentance, and renewal of commitment to Islamic principles. They provide an opportunity for believers to draw lessons from Imam Hussain’s martyrdom and apply them to their own lives, emphasizing themes of justice, compassion, and resistance against oppression.
  5. Unity and Community Bonding: The commemoration of Muharram fosters a sense of unity and solidarity among Muslims, as they come together to mourn and remember the tragedy of Karbala. It strengthens communal bonds and reinforces the shared values of faith, perseverance, and social justice.

Dua of Ashura

Dua of Ashura

The Dua of Ashura, also known as Dua Arafah, is a poignant supplication attributed to Imam Hussain (AS) that captures the essence of his devotion, resilience, and faith. While the exact wording may vary slightly in different sources and traditions, here is an English translation of a commonly recited version:

In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

O Allah, (please) bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad. O Allah, (please) be, for Your representative, the Hujjat (proof), son of Al-Hassan. Your blessings be on him and his forefathers, in this hour and in every hour, a guardian, a protector, a leader, a helper, a proof, and an eye. until You make him live on the earth, in obedience (to You), and cause him to live in it for a long time.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ اللَّهُمَّ كُنْ لِوَلِيِّكَ الْحُجَّةِ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ صَلَوَاتُكَ عَلَيْهِ وَعَلَىٰ آبَائِهِ فِي هَـٰذِهِ السَّاعَةِ وَفِي كُلِّ سَاعَةٍ وَلِيًّا وَحَافِظًا وَقَائِدًا وَنَاصِرًا وَدَلِيلًا وَعَيْنًا حَتَّىٰ تُسْكِنَهُ أَرْضَكَ طَوْعًا وَتُمَتِّعَهُ فِيهَا طَوِيلًا

Recap of the significance of the Dua of Ashura

The Dua of Ashura holds profound significance in Islamic tradition, particularly among Shia Muslims. Here’s a recap of its importance:

  1. Attribution to Imam Hussain (AS): The Dua is attributed to Imam Hussain ibn Ali, highlighting his spiritual depth and devotion. It is believed to encapsulate his supplication to Allah during the challenging and tragic events of the Battle of Karbala.
  2. Spiritual Content: The Dua of Ashura is revered for its profound spiritual content, expressing humility, reliance on Allah’s mercy, and seeking divine guidance. It reflects the essence of sincere devotion and submission to the will of Allah.
  3. Communal and Personal Practice: Muslims recite this supplication on the day of Ashura and other occasions, seeking spiritual upliftment, forgiveness, and blessings. It serves as a means of drawing closer to Allah and reflecting on the values of justice, truth, and steadfastness exemplified by Imam Hussain.
  4. Connection to Karbala: The Dua of Ashura connects believers to the legacy of Imam Hussain’s sacrifice and martyrdom, reminding them of the enduring principles of righteousness and resistance against oppression. It reinforces the commemoration of Ashura as a time for mourning, reflection, and renewal of faith.
  5. Cultural and Religious Significance: Across Muslim communities, especially Shia Muslims, reciting the Dua of Ashura is a deeply ingrained cultural and religious practice. It strengthens communal bonds and serves as a reminder of the ongoing struggle for justice and truth in the face of adversity.

Overall, the Dua of Ashura resonates as a powerful invocation of faith, humility, and resilience, embodying the eternal spirit of Imam Hussain’s stand for righteousness and justice in the face of tyranny.


  • Tarique Nadeem

    Assalam Alikum! Hello I'm Tarique Nadeem and I'm a devoted Islamic blogger. I started sharing Islamic knowledge online to help people grow spiritually and gain wisdom. I really love Islam and I'm passionate about spreading what I know.

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